"Pain" and analgesia in fish
|Paper title||"Pain" and analgesia in fish: what we know, what we don't know, and what we need to know before using analgesics in fish|
|Paper author(s)||E. D. Stevens|
|Proceedings title||ANZCCART Conferernce 2008: Blue sky to deep water: the reality and the promise. Proceedings of the 2008 ANZCCART Conference Auckland, New Zealand|
|Abstract||There is considerable pressure for Animal Care and Ethics Councils to recommend using analgesics in experiments that involve fish. Although we do have some data regarding this issue, I argue that we do not know enough to recommend any being used. For example, the doses of morphine used in fish experi- ments range from 10 to 3000 mg/kg relative to doses used in mammals that typically range from 2 to 5 mg/ kg. I recommend that we continue to use anaesthet- ics that are commonly used with fish (tricaine, benzo- caine, and eugenol) because these also probably act as analgesics in fish as they do in mammals, and thus, may have some analgesic properties post-operatively. There are no adequate tests that would allow us to recommend using analgesics for farmed fish that may be consumed by humans or pets.|
Using APA 6th Edition citation style.
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