Responses in a fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) ...



Title Responses in a fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) lifecycle test and in wild white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) exposed to a Canadian bleached kraft mill effluent
Author(s) J. L. Parrott, L. M. Hewitt, T. G. Kovacs, D. L. MacLatchy, P. H. Martel, M. R. Heuvel, G. J. Kraak, M. E. McMaster
Journal Water Quality Research Journal of Canada
Date 2010
Volume 45
Issue 2
Start page 187
End page 200
Abstract To evaluate currently available bioassays for their use in investigating the causes of pulp and paper mill effluent effects on fish reproduction, the responses of wild white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) collected from the receiving environment at the bleached kraft mill at La Tuque, Quebec, were compared with responses of fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) exposed to effluent in a laboratory lifecycle test. White sucker collected at effluent exposed sites had increased liver size but none of the reproductive effects that had been documented in earlier field studies at this site. Exposure to 1, 3, 10, 30, and 100% bleached kraft mill effluent (BKME) in the lab led to significantly decreased length, but increased weight and liver size in male fathead minnow. Female length was also decreased and liver size was increased at high effluent exposures. Most effluent concentrations (1 to 30%) significantly increased egg production compared with controls. The fathead minnow lifecycle assay mirrored the effects seen in wild fish captured downstream of the BKME discharge. These results will be used to select short-term fish tests for investigating the causes of and solutions to the effects of mill effluents on fish reproduction.

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