Fusion of C3d molecule with bovine rotavirus VP7 or ...

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Title Fusion of C3d molecule with bovine rotavirus VP7 or bovine herpesvirus type 1 glycoprotein D inhibits immune responses following DNA immunization
Author(s) S. Suradhat, R. P. Braun, P. J. Lewis, L. A. Babiuk, den Hurk Drunen Littel-van, P. J. Griebel, M. Baca-Estrada
Journal Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Date 2001
Volume 83
Issue 1
Start page 79
End page 92
Abstract The binding of the complement C3d molecule with receptors on B cells and/or follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) influences the induction of humoral immune responses. For example, C3d fused to an antigen has been shown to have a strong adjuvant effect on antibody production. We investigated the possibility that co-expression of antigen and C3d as a fusion protein could enhance antigen-specific immune responses, following plasmid immunization. One or two copies of murine C3d-cDNA, C3d or (C3d)2, respectively, were cloned together with bovine rotavirus (BRV) VP7 or bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein D (gD) genes. All constructs contained a signal peptide that resulted in the secretion of the expressed proteins. In vitro, the characterization of the chimeric proteins indicated that both VP7 and gD retained their antigenicity and the C3d remained biologically active. However, immunization with plasmids encoding VP7-C3d chimaeras did not enhance rotavirus-specific antibody responses and the frequency of BRV-specific IFN-γ secreting cells in the spleens were significantly lower in mice immunized with pVP7-(C3d)2 when compared with mice immunized with plasmid encoding VP7. The same pattern of immune responses was observed for plasmids encoding gD-C3d. Both gD-specific antibody responses and the frequency of gD-specific IFN-γ secreting cells were significantly lower in mice immunized with plasmid expressing gD-C3d chimaeras when compared with mice immunized with plasmid encoding gD alone. These results indicate that co-expression of C3d with an antigen actually inhibit both humoral and cell-mediated antigen-specific immune responses.
DOI 10.1016/s0165-2427(01)00369-5

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