Ultrasonically actuated silicon microprobes for ...

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Title Ultrasonically actuated silicon microprobes for cardiac signal recording
Author(s) Xi Chen, Amit Lal, Mark L. Riccio, Robert F.,,Jr Gilmour
Journal IEEE Transactions on Bio-Medical Engineering
Date 2006
Volume 53
Issue 8
Start page 1665
End page 1671
Abstract In this paper, we report on ultrasonically actuated silicon thin microprobes that successfully penetrated canine cardiac tissue in vitro, and recorded the electrophysiological signals from multiple sites simultaneously within the heart wall. The penetration force--maximum force encountered by the probe during penetration--is found to reduce with increasing ultrasonic driving voltage, on both excised canine right ventricular muscle and chicken breast muscle. The rate of force decrease varies with tissue type and microprobe dimension. With ultrasonic actuation, the silicon microprobes are inserted into isolated perfused canine heart without breakage or significant buckling, under 10Vpp actuating voltage. Recordings were obtained from isolated perfused canine heart during pacing, following the induction of ventricular tachycardia, and during the transition from ventricular tachycardia to ventricular fibrillation. Local conduction velocity of 0.60 +/- 0.03 m/s was observed from the multichannel recordings from the canine right ventricular wall under epicardial pacing. The application of the ultrasonic microprobes in cardiac electrophysiology study can provide information for reconstruction of electrical wave propagation within the heart, which is important to understanding the mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias.
DOI 10.1109/tbme.2006.877808

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