Identification and expression of immune-related ...

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Title Identification and expression of immune-related genes in hemocytes of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria, challenged with Vibrio splendidus
Author(s) Mebrahtu T. Araya, Frederick Markham, Dante R. Mateo, Patty McKenna, Gerry R. Johnson, Franck C. J. Berthe, Ahmed Siah
Journal Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Date 2010
Volume 29
Issue 4
Start page 557
End page 564
Abstract Although the mollusc immune system has been studied at the cellular level, the response to pathogens at gene expression level has not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to investigate the early molecular response of hemocytes of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria, to Vibrio splendidus strain LGP32 by identification of transcripts involved in immune defense. The Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) was used to selectively identify differentially expressed genes in hemocytes exposed to V. splendidus at a ratio 1:1 for 2 h. Both forward and reverse subtracted cDNA were constructed and a total of 16,000 reads were obtained and analyzed. Identity searches in genome databases were performed using BlastX program and transcripts were clustered to cellular functions including structural proteins, immunity, stress proteins, apoptosis, cell process, metabolism and signal transduction. Among the differentially expressed immune associated genes were ficolin, killer cell lectin-like receptor, natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (Nramp-1), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), ferritin, heat shock proteins 90 (HSP90) and cathepsin and their expressions were quantified using Reverse Transcription quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) at 1, 2 and 3 h post-Vibrio challenge. These genes showed similar expression patterns, up-regulation at 1 h, followed by a down-regulation at 2 and 3 h. These data corroborates our previous observations of cell rounding, reduced phagocytosis and respiratory burst activity. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate an effect of V. splendidus on expression of genes related to immune system in soft-shell clams M. arenaria. However, further investigations are needed to unravel the molecular mechanisms of hemocytes subjected to V. splendidus.
DOI 10.1016/j.fsi.2010.05.017

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