Ornithine decarboxylase gene expression is ...



Title Ornithine decarboxylase gene expression is aberrantly regulated via the cAMP signal transduction pathway in malignant H‐ras transformed cell lines
Author(s) Robert A. R. Hurta, J. A. Wright
Journal Journal of Cellular Physiology
Date 1994
Volume 161
Issue 2
Start page 383
End page 391
Abstract We have tested the hypothesis that H-ras transformed cells contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling the expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the highly regulated rate-limiting activity in the biosynthesis of polyamines. Mouse 10T1/2 fibroblasts and a series of 10T1/2 H-ras transformed cell lines were treated with stimulators of cAMP synthesis (forskolin and cholera toxin), a biologically stable analogue of cAMP (8-bromo-cAMP), and an inhibitor of cAMP degradation (3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine). Elevations in ODC gene expression were noted in H-ras transformed cells that were not observed in parental 10T1/2 fibroblasts. The forskolin-mediated effects were not detected with 1,9-dideoxyforskolin, a compound structurally related to forskolin, which does not activate adenyl cyclase. The effects observed with cholera toxin were not detected when cells were treated with the purified subunits of this compound, indicating that the toxin-induced effects were cAMP-specific. Actinomycin D treatment prior to forskolin exposure reduced the elevation observed in ODC gene expression indicating the involvement of the transcriptional process. Furthermore, we observed that cycloheximide treatment of malignant but not benign H-ras transformed cells significantly elevated ODC message level. Treatment of malignant cells with both cycloheximide and forskolin together resulted in a further additive elevation in ODC message, but a similar treatment of benign tumor cells reduced the forskolin-mediated increase in ODC message. In addition, treatment of H-ras transformed cells with the tumor promoter, 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) led to an elevation in ODC mRNA levels not observed in parental 10T1/2 fibroblasts. However, an increase in ODC message levels was observed in parental 10T1/2 cells treated with a combination of TPA and forskolin. Exposure of H-ras transformed cells to TPA and forskolin together led to further pronounced increases in ODC message when compared to treatment with TPA or forskolin alone. These results demonstrate aberrant regulation of signal pathways involved in controlling ODC gene expression in H-ras transformed cells and provide further insight into the altered growth regulatory program associated with malignant transformation. (C) 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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