Classification of adenosine receptors mediating ...

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Title Classification of adenosine receptors mediating antinociception in the rat spinal cord
Author(s) J. Sawynok, Marva I. Sweeney-Nixon, T. D. White
Journal British Journal of Pharmacology
Date 1986
Volume 88
Issue 4
Start page 923
End page 930
Abstract Analogues of adenosine were injected intrathecally into rats implanted with chronic indwelling cannulae in order to determine a rank order of potency and hence characterize adenosine receptors involved in spinal antinociception. In the tail flick test L-N6-phenylisopropyl adenosine (L-PIA), cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) and 5'-N-ethylcarboxamide adenosine (NECA) produced dose-related antinociception which attained a plateau level. NECA and CHA also produced an additional distinct second phase of antinociception. D-N6-Phenylisopropyl adenosine (D-PIA) and 2-chloroadenosine (CADO) had very little antinociceptive activity in this test. The rank order of potency in producing the plateau effect was L-PIA greater than CHA greater than NECA greater than D-PIA = CADO, while that for the second phase of antinociception was NECA greater than-CHA. Pretreatment with both theophylline and 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT) antagonized antinociception produced by CHA, with 8-PT being at least an order of magnitude more potent than theophylline. Both antagonists produced a significant hyperalgesia in the tail flick test. L-PIA and CHA also produced methylxanthine-sensitive antinociception in the hot plate test. These results suggest that activation of A1-receptors in the spinal cord can produce antinociception. Activation of A2-receptors may produce an additional effect, but the relative activity of CHA in this component of activity is unusual.
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