Enhancement of the fluorescence and stability of ...

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Title Enhancement of the fluorescence and stability of o-phthalaldehyde-derived isoindoles of amino acids using hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
Author(s) Brian D. Wagner, G. J. McManus
Journal Analytical Biochemistry
Date 2003
Volume 317
Issue 2
Start page 233
End page 239
Abstract Addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin to o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)-amino acid-thiol reaction mixtures is shown to cause significant enhancement of the fluorescence of the isoindole product for a wide range of amino acids, with the largest effects observed in the cases of glycine and lysine. The largest enhancement observed was a factor of 2.67 in the case of the derivative of glycine. This fluorescence enhancement is the result of the formation of a 1:1 host:guest inclusion complex between the isoindole and the cyclodextrin. Relatively small association constants of 44 and 130 M-1 were obtained for the inclusion of the derivatives of glycine and lysine, respectively. Inclusion of the isoindole derivative into hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin was also found to result in a significant stabilization of the isoindole derivatives, contrary to what has been previously reported for inclusion into beta-cyclodextrin. For example, the lifetime of the lysine derivative was found to increase from 42 to 222 min, a factor of 5.3. These results have potential applications in fluorescence-based HPLC and high-performance capillary electrophoresis amino acid analysis methods using OPA derivation. Addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin to the reaction mixture results in an increase in both the fluorescence and the stability of the isoindole product, providing potentially significant improvements to the method. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

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