Results on transforming NFA into DFCA

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Title Results on transforming NFA into DFCA
Author(s) Cezar Campeanu, L. Kari, Andrei Paun
Journal Fundamenta Informaticae
Date 2005
Volume 64
Issue 1-4
Start page 53
End page 63
Abstract In this paper we consider the transformation from (minimal) non-deterministic finite automata (NFAs) to deterministic finite cover automata (DFCAs). We want to compare the two equivalent accepting devices with respect to their number of states; this becomes in fact a comparison between the expression power of the nondeterministic device and the expression power of the deterministic with loops device. We prove a lower bound for the maximum state complexity of deterministic finite cover automata obtained from non-deterministic finite automata of a given state complexity n., considering the case of a binary alphabet. We show, for Such binary alphabets, that the difference between maximum blow-up state complexity of DFA and DFCA can be as small as 2([n/2]-2) compared to the number of states of the minimal DFA. Moreover, we show the structure of automata for worst case exponential blow-up complexity from NFA to DFCA. We conjecture that the lower bound given in the paper is also the upper bound. Several results clarifying some of the structure of the automata in the worst case are given (we strongly believe they will be pivotal in the upper bound proof).

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