Studies on a modulatory role for adenosine in ...

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Title Studies on a modulatory role for adenosine in antigen and arachidonic acid induced contractions of guinea pig airways
Author(s) John F. Burka
Journal Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Date 1986
Volume 64
Issue 3
Start page 225
End page 230
Abstract The modulatory effects of adenosine and selected derivatives were examined on antigen and arachidonic acid (AA) induced contractions of indomethacin-treated tracheal spirals and lung parenchymal strips from actively sensitized guinea pigs. Adenosine (up to 2 X 10(-4) M) had no effect on antigen-induced contractions, but inhibited AA-induced contractions by 30-40% if added 30 min prior to challenge. The weak effect of adenosine suggests that endogenous adenosine may only have a limited modulatory role in allergic bronchospasm. 2-Chloroadenosine (10(-6)-10(-4) M) dose-dependently inhibited antigen- and AA-induced contractions of trachea, but was considerably less effective on parenchyma. The substituted adenosine derivatives, R-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA) and 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido)-adenosine (NECA), and the adenosine transport inhibitor, 6-[p-nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl purine, were also active as modulators, but their activity was relatively weak and varied with the stimulus and the tissue. An order of potency for R-PIA, NECA, and 2-chloroadenosine could not be determined and 8-phenyltheophylline (10(-5) M) was not an effective inhibitor of the effects of adenosine or the adenosine derivatives. This suggests that adenosine and its derivatives may modulate cells through mechanisms other than activation of conventional A1 and A2 receptors. A lack of specificity for the adenosine derivatives must also be considered.

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