Bronchodilator-mediated relaxation of normal and ...



Title Bronchodilator-mediated relaxation of normal and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pig airways: lack of correlation with lung adenylate cyclase activation
Author(s) John F. Burka, M. H. Saad
Journal British Journal of Pharmacology
Date 1984
Volume 83
Issue 3
Start page 645
End page 655
Abstract Isoprenaline, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and forskolin caused a dose-dependent relaxation of normal and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pig tracheal spirals and lung parenchymal strips in vitro. There was no difference in magnitude of relaxation or sensitivity to these relaxants between normal and sensitized tissues. The rank order of potency (concentration of each drug at which 50% of the maximum is obtained) for these relaxants on both trachea and parenchyma was VIP greater than isoprenaline greater than PGE2 greater than forskolin, although the parenchyma was more sensitive than the trachea. The rank order of efficacy of the drugs used in relaxing both the trachea and lung parenchyma was isoprenaline (10 microM) greater than forskolin (30 microM) greater than VIP (0.1 microM) greater than PGE2 (10 microM). PGE2 at concentrations greater than 1 microM sometimes contracted the lung strip. Pretreatment with indomethacin (8.5 microM), a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, reduced the resting tone of tracheal spirals, but did not significantly affect the tone of lung strips. Indomethacin-pretreatment did not affect drug-induced relaxations of either normal or sensitized tracheal spirals. However, both normal and sensitized indomethacin-pretreated lung strips relaxed significantly less (P less than 0.05) to isoprenaline, PGE2 and forskolin. Indomethacin-pretreatment did not affect sensitivity of normal and sensitized trachea or parenchyma to the relaxant drugs. All the relaxant drugs used stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in normal or sensitized lung parenchyma membrane preparations. The rank order of efficacy (maximal activation) was forskolin greater than isoprenaline = VIP greater than PGE2. There was no difference in response between normal and sensitized lungs. Adenylate cyclase activity of normal lung was stimulated as follows: forskolin (100 microM), 500.0 +/- 50.0%; isoprenaline (100 microM), 186.0 +/- 29.0%; VIP (10 microM), 213.0 +/- 19.0% and PGE2 (100 microM), 155.0 +/- 23.0% of basal activity. Similar values were obtained for sensitized lung parenchyma. Indomethacin-pretreatment did not significantly affect normal or sensitized lung adenylate cyclase stimulation by isoprenaline, VIP, forskolin or PGE2. It was concluded that: Immunological sensitization to ovalbumin does not induce hypoactivity of relaxant drug receptors and/or the adenylate cyclase system of the airway tissues of the guinea-pig.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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