Growth of infectious salmon anaemia virus in ...

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Title Growth of infectious salmon anaemia virus in CHSE-214 cells and evidence for phenotypic differences between virus strains
Author(s) Frederick S. B. Kibenge, J. R. Lyaku, D. Rainnie, K. Larry Hammell
Journal The Journal of General Virology
Date 2000
Volume 81
Issue Pt 1
Start page 143
End page 150
Abstract Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) is a new orthomyxovirus-like virus. Thirteen isolates of ISAV (11 from Canada, one from Norway and one from Scotland) were studied for their replication in the CHSE-214 cell line compared with that in the SHK-1 cell line. All isolates replicated in SHK-1 cells, producing CPE between 3 and 12 days post-inoculation (p.i.). Six Canadian isolates also replicated in CHSE-214 cells, with production of CPE between 4 and 17 days p.i. Analysis of a one-step growth curve of ISAV in CHSE-214 cells showed that progeny virions remained predominantly cell-associated, accounting for the focalized nature of the CPE in the cell monolayer. One isolate (HKS 36) replicated in CHSE-214 cells, as shown by positive RT-PCR results of blind passages, but was non-cytopathic. All of the isolates were analysed for genetic heterogeneity by RT-PCR and RFLP with EcoRI and XhoI in a fraction of genome segment 2. The Canadian isolates showed a different RFLP profile to those of isolates Glesvaer/2/90 from Norway and 390/98 from Scotland. Structural proteins of four isolates, 'Back Bay 98', RPC/NB-877, RPC/NB-049 and Glesvaer/2/90, were examined further by SDS-PAGE. All viruses showed four major polypeptides, designated here as VP1-VP4, in Coomassie blue-stained gels. In isolates Glesvaer/2/90 and RPC/NB-877, these viral proteins had estimated molecular masses of 74, 53, 46 and 26.5 kDa, respectively. Viral proteins in isolates 'Back Bay 98' and RPC/NB-049 were of similar sizes, except that VP3 was 43 kDa. Taken together, these results show that there are phenotypic differences among strains of ISAV.

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