Perioperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats by ...

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Title Perioperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats by Canadian veterinarians in 2001
Author(s) C. J. Hewson, Ian R. Dohoo, Kip A. Lemke
Journal The Canadian Veterinary Journal. La Revue Veterinaire Canadienne
Date 2006
Volume 47
Issue 4
Start page 352
End page 359
Abstract A random sample of 652 Canadian veterinarians was surveyed to determine perioperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats following common surgeries. The response rate was 57.8%. With the exception of taildocking in puppies, at least 85% of animals received preincisional analgesics, and 30% to 98.1% received postincisional analgesics. A similar survey was conducted in 1994; since then, analgesic usage has increased markedly, as have ratings of the pain caused by different surgeries. In 2001 most veterinarians (62%) used at least 2 classes of analgesic perioperatively. However, strong opioids, local anesthetics, and alpha-2 agonists were underused, and there was an overreliance on weak opioids (butorphanol, meperidine). Up to 12% of veterinarians did not use any analgesics. Nationally, this may have affected many animals monthly; for example, approximately 6000 dogs or cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Continuing education (provincial level) and review articles were considered effective ways to inform veterinarians about optimal analgesic practices.

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