Hepatobiliary transport of indocyanine green and ...
|Title||Hepatobiliary transport of indocyanine green and sulfobromophthalein in fed and fasted horses|
|Author(s)||L. Engelking, M. Anwer, J. Lofstedt|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|Abstract||Fasting is associated with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in several species, including the horse. Studies in ponies showed that a 3-day fast decreased plasma clearance of bilirubin, cholic acid, and sulfobromophthalein (BSP). Since these organic anions are conjugated with different substrates, it is possible that observed differences in plasma clearance result from a general decrease in hepatic conjugating capacity during the animals' fasting. To test this hypothesis, the effects of a 3-day fast on plasma clearance of IV injected BSP (4.4 to 5.1 mg/kg), which is conjugated to glutathione, and indocyanine green (ICG; 0.8 to 1.1 mg/kg), which is not conjugated, were studied in 10 healthy horses and 2 ponies with diverted enterohepatic circulations (indwelling T tubes). Blood samples were obtained for 30 minutes after injection, and bile samples from ponies were obtained for 3 hours. Fasting increased plasma bilirubin concentration in all animals studied (from 1.03 +/- 0.337 mg/dl in control animals to 3.49 +/- 1.01 mg/dl in fasted animals). Kinetic values of ICG disappearance were determined from single exponential functions, and those for BSP were determined from both single and curvilinear (2-exponential) functions. Plasma clearance of BSP in fed horses (8.65 +/- 1.02 ml X min-1 X kg-1) was greater than clearance of ICG (3.54 +/- 0.67 ml X min-1 X kg-1), results similar to those reported in dogs, cats, rats, and persons. Fasting significantly decreased fractional plasma disappearance rate of both BSP (-36%) and ICG (-58%) and similarly reduced plasma clearance (BSP,-48%; ICG,-55%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)|
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