Effect of dietary lipid level on fatty acid ...

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Title Effect of dietary lipid level on fatty acid beta-oxidation and lipid composition in various tissues of haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus L
Author(s) D. A. Nanton, S. P. Lall, N. W. Ross, Mary A. McNiven
Journal Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Date 2003
Volume 135
Issue 1
Start page 95
End page 108
Abstract Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a gadoid fish species that deposits dietary lipid mainly in the liver. The fatty acid (FA) beta-oxidation activity of various tissues was evaluated in juvenile haddock fed graded levels of lipid. The catabolism of a radiolabelled FA, [1-(14)C]palmitoyl-CoA, through peroxisomal and mitochondrial beta-oxidation was determined in the liver, red and white muscle of juvenile haddock fed 12, 18 and 24% lipid in the diet. There was no significant increase in the mitochondrial or peroxisomal beta-oxidation activity in the tissues tested as the dietary lipid level increased from 12 to 24%. Peroxisomes accounted for 100% of the beta-oxidation observed in the liver, whereas mitochondrial beta-oxidation dominated in the red (91%) and white muscle (97%) of juvenile haddock. Of the tissues tested, red muscle possessed the highest specific activity for beta-oxidation expressed on a per mg protein or per g wet weight basis. However, white muscle, which forms over 50% of the body mass in gadoid fish was the most important tissue in juvenile haddock for overall FA catabolism. The total lipid and FA composition of these tissues were also determined. This study confirmed that the liver was the major lipid storage organ in haddock. The hepatosomatic index (HSI; 10.0-15.2%) and lipid (73.8-79.3% wet wt.) in the liver increased significantly as dietary lipid was increased from 12 to 24% lipid. There was no significant increase in the lipid composition of the white muscle (0.8% wet wt.), red muscle (1.9% wet wt.) or heart (2.5% wet wt.).

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