Grass and lupin silage in rations for beef steers ...

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Title Grass and lupin silage in rations for beef steers supplemented with barley or potatoes
Author(s) S. R. Murphy, Mary A. McNiven, J. A. Macleod, L. J. Halliday
Journal Animal Feed Science and Technology
Date 1993
Volume 40
Issue 4
Start page 273
End page 283
Abstract Twenty-eight Simmental-cross steers weighing 200 (+/- 20.5) kg were used to evaluate grass and whole plant lupin silages in terms of growth rate, dry matter (DM) intake and carcass characteristics. The chemical composition of the silages was determined and Dacron bag procedures were used to estimate DM and protein degradability. The silages were supplemented with either rolled barley or crushed potato. The lupin silage had a lactic acid fermentation with lower DM, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and protein nitrogen than the grass silage but higher crude protein. There were no statistically significant differences in gain, carcass weight, dressing percentage or backfat levels between steers fed lupin or grass silage. DM intake of the silages was not significantly different but there was a tendency for lower DM intake of lupin silage when supplemented with potatoes. There was no difference in DM degradability between lupin and grass silages. Lupin nitrogen degraded at a significantly faster rate (24.5% h-1) compared with the grass (10.4% h-1). The effective degradation of nitrogen at a ruminal fractional outflow rate of 0.05 h-1 was 63.8% and 79.1% for grass and lupin silage, respectively. Ensiling whole plant lupin can produce a high quality silage for use in beef rations.

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