Use of infrared spectroscopy for diagnosis of ...

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Title Use of infrared spectroscopy for diagnosis of traumatic arthritis in horses
Author(s) M. Vijarnsorn, Christopher B. Riley, R. A. Shaw, C. W. McIlwraith, D. A. Ryan, Patricia L. Rose, Elizabeth Spangler
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 2006
Volume 67
Issue 8
Start page 1286
End page 1292
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of infrared spectroscopy for diagnosis of traumatic arthritis in horses. ANIMALS: 48 horses with traumatic arthritis and 5 clinically and radiographically normal horses. PROCEDURES: Synovial fluid samples were collected from 77 joints in 48 horses with traumatic arthritis. Paired samples (affected and control joints) from 29 horses and independent samples from an affected (n = 12) or control (7) joint from 19 horses were collected for model calibration. A second set of 20 normal validation samples was collected from 5 clinically and radiographically normal horses. Fourier transform infrared spectra of synovial fluids were acquired and manipulated, and data from affected joints were compared with controls to identify spectroscopic features that differed significantly between groups. A classification model that used linear discriminant analysis was developed. Performance of the model was determined by use of the 2 validation datasets. RESULTS: A classification model based on 3 infrared regions classified spectra from the calibration dataset with overall accuracy of 97% (sensitivity, 93%; specificity, 100%). The model, with cost-adjusted prior probabilities of 0.60:0.40, yielded overall accuracy of 89% (sensitivity, 83%; specificity, 100%) for the first validation sample dataset and 100% correct classification of the second set of independent normal control joints. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The infrared spectroscopic patterns of fluid from joints with traumatic arthritis differed significantly from the corresponding patterns for controls. These alterations in absorption patterns may be used via an appropriate classification algorithm to differentiate the spectra of affected joints from those of controls.
DOI 10.2460/ajvr.67.8.1286

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