Amination of pyridylketenes

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Title Amination of pyridylketenes: experimental and computational studies of strong amide enol stabilization by the 2-Pyridyl group
Author(s) A. W. Acton, A. D. Allen, L. M. Antunes, A. V. Fedorov, K. Najafian, T. T. Tidwell, Brian D. Wagner
Journal Journal of the American Chemical Society
Date 2002
Volume 124
Issue 46
Start page 13790
End page 13794
Abstract Abstract: Laser flash photolyses of 2-, 3-, and 4-diazoacetylpyridines 8 give the corresponding pyridylketenes 7 formed by Wolff rearrangements, as observed by time-resolved infrared spectroscopy, with ketenyl absorptions at 2127, 2125, and 2128 cm-1, respectively. Photolysis of 2-, 3-, and 4-8 in CH3CN containing n-BuNH2 results in the formation of two transients in each case, as observed by time-resolved IR and UV spectroscopy. The initial transients are assigned as the ketenes 7, and this is confirmed by IR measurements of the decay of the ketenyl absorbance. The ketenes then form the amide enols 12, whose growth and decay are monitored by UV. Similar photolysis of diazoacetophenone leads to phenylketene (5), which forms the amide enol 17. For 3- and 4-pyridylketenes and for phenylketene, the ratios of rate constants for amination of the ketene and for conversion of the amide enol to the amide are 3.1, 7.7, and 22, respectively, while for the 2-isomer the same ratio is 1.8 ? 107. The stability of the amide enol from 2-7 is attributed to a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond to the pyridyl nitrogen, and this is supported by the DFT calculated structures of the intermediates, which indicate this enol amide is stabilized by 12.8 kcal/mol relative to the corresponding amide enol from phenylketene. Calculations of the transition states indicate a 10.9 kcal/mol higher barrier for conversion of the 2-pyridyl amide enol to the amide as compared to that from phenylketene.
DOI 10.1021/ja027347h

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