Effects of medetomidine on serum osmolality; urine ...

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Title Effects of medetomidine on serum osmolality; urine volume, osmolality and pH; free water clearance; and fractional clearance of sodium, chloride, potassium, and glucose in dogs
Author(s) Shelley A. Burton, Kip A. Lemke, Sherri L. Ihle, A. L. Mackenzie
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 1998
Volume 59
Issue 6
Start page 756
End page 761
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of i.v. medetomidine administration on selected clinicopathologic variables in dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs were randomly assigned to each of 3 treatments in a crossover study design. Serum osmolality, urine osmolality, urine pH, and fractional clearances of sodium, chloride, potassium, and glucose were determined before and 20, 40, 60, 120, 180, 240, 300, 360, 420, and 480 minutes after i.v. administration of 0.9% NaCl (saline) solution (control) or medetomidine (10 or 20 micrograms/kg of body weight). The urinary bladder was emptied prior to saline or medetomidine administration, and urine volume was determined at the same posttreatment times as those described previously. Free water clearance was calculated for all posttreatment times. RESULTS: After medetomidine administration, serum osmolality, urine volume, free water clearance, and fractional clearance of potassium and glucose increased; urine osmolality decreased. Initially, urine pH and fractional clearance of chloride decreased, then subsequently increased. Fractional clearance of sodium did not change. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because i.v. administration of medetomidine to dogs at dosages of 10 and 20 micrograms/kg induces a diuretic effect that lasts up to 4 hours, the drug should be used with discretion in hypovolemic or dehydrated dogs, and its use should be avoided in those with urinary tract obstruction.

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