Surgical approaches to recipient vessels of the ...
|Title||Surgical approaches to recipient vessels of the fore- and hindlimbs for microvascular free tissue transfer in dogs|
|Author(s)||D. A. Degner, R. Walshaw, J. D. Fowler, O. I. Lanz, P. Ocello, J. Maier, L. Blaezer, R. J. Smith|
|Journal||Veterinary Surgery: VS: The Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons|
|Abstract||OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate surgical approaches to the arteries and veins of the fore- and hindlimbs for use as potential recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental anatomic study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine cadavers (11): 2 preserved and 9 fresh cadavers. METHODS: Fore- and hindlimbs from 1 preserved cadaver injected with a pigmented silicone/barium mixture, through the common carotid artery and external jugular vein, were cut in 1 cm cross-sections. Tissue sections were used to identify the location of vessels >1 mm that could be used as recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. The other preserved cadaver was used to develop surgical approaches to these vessels. Three surgeons evaluated the written descriptions and illustrations for these approaches using fresh cadavers. Modifications to the surgical approaches were made based on recommendations from these surgeons. RESULTS: Six approaches were developed to isolate forelimb recipient vessels: palmar access, distal medial antebrachial, mid-antebrachial, proximal antebrachial, distal humeral, and mid-humeral vascular access. Twelve approaches were developed to isolate recipient vessels of the hindlimb: plantar access, dorsal tarsal, cranial distal tibial, craniomedial distal tibial, lateral distal tibial, medial distal tibial, medial femorotibial, lateral distal femoral, medial femoral, proximal medial femoral, groin, and proximal lateral femoral vascular access. CONCLUSIONS: Six forelimb and 12 hindlimb sites were identified for surgical access to recipient vessels (>1 mm diameter) suitable for use in free tissue transfer for wound reconstruction. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: For reconstruction of complex wounds of the extremities of dogs, surgeons should consider use of readily accessible recipient vessels that would allow for free tissue transfer to the fore- and hindlimbs.|
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