Regulation of insulin secretion by uncoupling protein



Title Regulation of insulin secretion by uncoupling protein
Author(s) Catherine B. Chan, N. Kashemsant
Journal Biochemical Society Transactions
Date 2006
Volume 34
Issue Pt 5
Start page 802
End page 805
Abstract UCPs (uncoupling proteins) can regulate cellular ATP production by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. UCP2 is expressed in islet beta-cells and its induction reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Under physiological conditions, superoxide, formed as a by-product of respiration, activates UCP2. This leads to reduced ATP production, which impairs closure of the ATP-dependent K+ channels to prevent insulin secretion. It is suggested that the physiological role of UCP2 is to prevent excessive superoxide generation through a feedback loop. UCP2 induction may also alter fatty acid metabolism by altering NAD/NADH or by facilitating cycling of fatty acid anions. Recently, UCP2 has been proposed to keep insulin secretion low during starvation, a function under the control of the transcription co-repressor, surtuin-1, which has been shown to bind to the UCP2 promoter. Pathological UCP2 expression or activation may suppress glucose-stimulated insulin secretion to the extent that diabetes onset is hastened. In ob/ob mice, induction of UCP2 at age 5 weeks precedes development of insulin secretion defects and hyperglycaemia. Activating protein kinase A-dependent pathways can normalize insulin secretion in UCP2-overexpressing islets. Conversely, lowering UCP2 expression may promote increased insulin secretion. UCP2 knockout mice were protected from the diabetogenic effects of a high-fat diet and their islets exhibited increased sensitivity to glucose and elevated ATP/ADP. These results support a role for UCP2 as a gene contributing to the pathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes.
DOI 10.1042/BST0340802

Using APA 6th Edition citation style.

[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]

Times viewed: 388

Adding this citation to "My List" will allow you to export this citation in other styles.