Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis in colostrum-fed ...



Title Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis in colostrum-fed calves: pathologic changes
Author(s) James E. C. Bellamy, S. D. Acres
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 1979
Volume 40
Issue 10
Start page 1391
End page 1397
Abstract Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis was experimentally produced in 8 of 9 colostrum-fed calves orally given 10(11) Escherichia coli. The eight calves developed profuse diarrhea accompanied by dehydration and depression. At 12 hours after exposure, all calves were euthanatized for necropsy and for collection of tissues for microscopic examination. Histopathologic changes included stunted villi in the jejunum and ileum, focal degeneration and exfoliation of absorptive epithelial cells at the tips of jejunal and ileal villi, and focal emigration of neutrophils which was especially prominent above the dome area of aggregated lymphatic follicles (Peyer's patches). A layer of E coli adhered to the epithelial surface of the jejunum and ileum. In the duodenum, lesions were minimal or absent and bacteria were not adhering to the mucosa. Histopathologic changes were not observed in other tissues. In two calves examined 24 hours after they were inoculated and in two calves euthanatized 24 to 36 hours after spontaneously developing enteric colibacillosis, lesions were similar to those observed in the calves at 12 hours after exposure.

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