Effects of acquired resistance on infection with ...
|Title||Effects of acquired resistance on infection with Eimeria falciformis var. Pragensis in mice|
|Author(s)||G. M. Mesfin, James E. C. Bellamy|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|Abstract||Mice immunized with infections of 500, 5,000, or 20,000 oocysts of E. falciformis var. pragensis were reinfected with 20,000 and 100,000 oocysts at 20 and 38 days, respectively, after the initial infection. After the first challenge infection, none of the immunized mice showed clinical signs of coccidiosis; a few mice passed very low numbers of oocysts, and oocyst discharge seemed to correlate negatively with immunizing dose. None of the mice immunized twice passed oocysts after challenge. Mice immunized with three infections were completely immune to challenge for 4 months. The effect of the immune response on the life cycle of the coccidium was determined by histological examination of the intestines of immune and nonimmune mice infected with the parasite. In both the immune and nonimmune groups, sporozoites penetrated absorptive epithelial cells and migrated to crypt epithelial cells during the first 6 to 24 h postinfection. At 48 to 72 h postinfection, the sporozoites developed into mature first-generation schizonts in the nonimmune mice, whereas the developing first-generation schizonts degenerated within the crypt epithelial cells of the immune mice. In nonimmune mice, third-generation merozoites, inoculated intracecally, developed into mature fourth-generation schizonts, whereas in immune mice the developing fourth-generation schizonts degenerated before maturing. The possibility that a cellmediated immune mechanism is responsible for the arrest in schizogony is discussed.|
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