The life cycle of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis ...

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Title The life cycle of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis (Sporozoa: Coccidia) in the mouse, Mus musculus
Author(s) G. M. Mesfin, James E. C. Bellamy
Journal The Journal of Parasitology
Date 1978
Volume 64
Issue 4
Start page 696
End page 705
Abstract The life cycle of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis, established from a single oocyst, is described in experimentally infected mice (Mus musculus). The coccidium had a prepatent period of 7 days and a patent period of 10--16 days. Oocysts were spherical to ellipsoidal in shape and measured 21.2 x 18.3 micron. Sporulation time was 3 to 3.5 days. Sporocysts measured 12.2 x 7.2 micron and contained a circular to avoid granular sporocyst residuum measuring 5.5 X 5.0 micron. One, 2 or 3 circular to rectangular polar granules were observed within each sporulated oocyst. The endogenous stages developed primarily in the cecum and colon and only occasionally in the lower ileum. Four generations of schizonts were found. Mature 1st-generation schizonts, first observed 48 hr postinfection (PI), measured 17.8 x 12.3 micron and had 12 merozoites that measured 13.3 x 2.0 micron. Mature 2nd-generation schizonts appeared 78 hr PI. They measured 10.2 x 9.3 micron and had 8 merozoites measuring 5.0 x 1.6 micron. Mature 3rd-generation schizonts appeared first at 114 hr PI and measured 17.5 x 10.2 micron and had 10 merozoites that measured 12.4 x 1.8 micron. Mature 4th-generation schizonts appeared first at 144 hr PI. They measured 18.2 x 15.3 micron and had 18 merozoites. The merozoites of the 4th-generation schizont were 4.5 x 1.2 micron. Mature macrogamonts and microgamonts developed simultaneously appearing at 156 hr PI. Macrogamonts measured 16 x 14.5 micron and microgamonts were 18.2 x 15.3 micron. In experimentally infected rats (Rattus norvegicus), development of E. falciformis var. pragensis progressed only as far as mature 1st-generation schizonts.
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