Inhibition of Kv2.1 voltage-dependent K+ channels in ...
|Title||Inhibition of Kv2.1 voltage-dependent K+ channels in pancreatic beta-cells enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretion|
|Author(s)||P. E. MacDonald, S. Sewing, J. Wang, J. W. Joseph, S. R. Smukler, G. Sakellaropoulos, J. Wang, M. C. Saleh, Catherine B. Chan, R. G. Tsushima, A. M. Salapatek, M. B. Wheeler|
|Journal||The Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Abstract||Voltage-dependent (Kv) outward K(+) currents repolarize beta-cell action potentials during a glucose stimulus to limit Ca(2+) entry and insulin secretion. Dominant-negative "knockout" of Kv2 family channels enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Here we show that a putative Kv2.1 antagonist (C-1) stimulates insulin secretion from MIN6 insulinoma cells in a glucose- and dose-dependent manner while blocking voltage-dependent outward K(+) currents. C-1-blocked recombinant Kv2.1-mediated currents more specifically than currents mediated by Kv1, -3, and -4 family channels (Kv1.4, 3.1, 4.2). Additionally, C-1 had little effect on currents recorded from MIN6 cells expressing a dominant-negative Kv2.1 alpha-subunit. The insulinotropic effect of acute Kv2.1 inhibition resulted from enhanced membrane depolarization and augmented intracellular Ca(2+) responses to glucose. Immunohistochemical staining of mouse pancreas sections showed that expression of Kv2.1 correlated highly with insulin-containing beta-cells, consistent with the ability of C-1 to block voltage-dependent outward K(+) currents in isolated mouse beta-cells. Antagonism of Kv2.1 in an ex vivo perfused mouse pancreas model enhanced first- and second-phase insulin secretion, whereas glucagon secretion was unaffected. The present study demonstrates that Kv2.1 is an important component of beta-cell stimulus-secretion coupling, and a compound that enhances, but does not initiate, beta-cell electrical activity by acting on Kv2.1 would be a useful antidiabetic agent.|
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