Differential detection of infectious bursal disease ...

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Title Differential detection of infectious bursal disease virus serotypes, using cDNA probes to VP2 coding region
Author(s) Frederick S. B. Kibenge
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 1992
Volume 53
Issue 8
Start page 1337
End page 1342
Abstract Two nonoverlapping clones, pOH405 and pOH632, containing cDNA inserts in the VP2 coding region of genome segment A were selected from a cDNA library prepared from the double-stranded RNA genome of the OH strain of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) of serotype 2. Clone pOH405, which is located in the hypervariable segment of VP2, is 328 base pairs long, has nucleotide sequence homology of 72 to 73%, and amino acid sequence homology of 64 to 67% with IBDV strains of serotype 1. Clone pOH632, which is located in the highly conserved C-terminal part of VP2, is 230 base pairs long, has nucleotide sequence homology of 87 to 88%, and amino acid sequence homology of 100% with IBDV serotype 1. The lower detection limit of 32P-labeled probes prepared from both clones was 10 ng of OH-IBDV double-stranded RNA, using high-stringency conditions of hybridization (54 C, 50% formamide) and washing (55 C, 0.015M NaCl, 0.0015M trisodium citrate, pH 7.0, with 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate), and autoradiography for 24 hours. Under these conditions, the dot-blot hybridization assay for detection of serotype 2 IBDV double-stranded RNA, was 1,000 times more sensitive, using probe pOH632, but only 10 times more sensitive, using probe pOH405, compared with the assay for IBDV serotype 1, using the same probes. Thus, probe pOH632 could differentiate between the 2 IBDV serotypes by nucleic acid hybridization.

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