Adenovirus infection associated with respiratory ...

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Title Adenovirus infection associated with respiratory disease in commercial chickens
Author(s) A. S. Dhillon, Frederick S. B. Kibenge
Journal Avian Diseases
Date 1987
Volume 31
Issue 3
Start page 654
End page 657
Abstract The lesions and etiologic agents associated with 13 outbreaks of respiratory disease in commercial chickens were investigated. Adenoviruses were isolated from tracheal and lung tissues of affected chickens in all 13 outbreaks. Escherichia coli was isolated from the lung of an occasional bird. The tracheal specimens were consistently negative for Bordetella avium, but E. coli and occasionally Staphylococcus aureus were isolated. There was also serological evidence in one outbreak, and pathological evidence in another, of a concurrent infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection of chickens affected with the disease. Gross and microscopic alterations in the tracheas and lungs of affected chickens were similar in all outbreaks and consisted of catarrhal tracheitis and occasionally multifocal pneumonia with mononuclear cell infiltrates. Hepatitis and splenitis with heterophil infiltrates occasionally were seen in birds with coliform septicemia. The tracheal and lung lesions in the present investigation were considered primarily of adenovirus etiology, complicated by secondary bacterial infection.

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