The use of an indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA to ...

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Title The use of an indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA to predict milk production response after anthelmintic treatment in confined and semi-confined dairy herds
Author(s) J. Sanchez, Ian R. Dohoo, K. Leslie, Gregory P. Keefe, R. J. Frederick Markham, F. Sithole
Journal Veterinary Parasitology
Date 2005
Volume 130
Issue 1-2
Start page 115
End page 124
Abstract An indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA was used in late lactation milk samples from cows in confined and semi-confined dairy herds to determine if it could predict milk production response after endectocide treatment at calving. Holstein cows from 9 dairy farms from Prince Edward Island (PEI), 5 from central Nova Scotia and 16 from southern Ontario that were participating in a clinical trial of endectocide treatment around calving were used in this study. The cows were randomly treated with either eprinomectin pour-on endectocide or a placebo solution. Milk samples were obtained from cows late in the lactation before treatment was applied. These samples were tested for antibodies to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) using the indirect ELISA with the results expressed as optical density ratios (ODR). Production records were obtained from a computerized database of dairy herd improvement data. Pre-calving ODR showed a seasonal pattern. They were higher in the summer and fall and lower during the winter months. Older animals had higher pre-calving ODR values compared with younger cows. Similarly, cows from semi-confined herds had higher parasite antibody levels compared with cows from confined herds. The endectocide treatment did not affect the milk production response in the overall study population. However, the interaction effect between treatment and pre-calving ODR on milk production response after endectocide treatment was significant (P = 0.02), with some evidence of positive treatment response in cows with an ODR > 0.4. The relationship between pre-calving ODR and production response appeared to be quadratic rather than linear.
DOI 10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.03.013

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