The pathology of experimental Corynebacterium equi ...

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Title The pathology of experimental Corynebacterium equi infection in foals following intrabronchial challenge
Author(s) J. A. Johnson, J. F. Prescott, R. J. Frederick Markham
Journal Veterinary Pathology
Date 1983
Volume 20
Issue 4
Start page 440
End page 449
Abstract Six foals were inoculated intrabronchially with a suspension of Corynebacterium equi. Six weeks before this challenge, three foals were vaccinated with a C. equi bacterin. Three foals were unvaccinated controls. All foals developed a severe bronchopneumonia in the inoculated lung, indicating that vaccination was not protective. Three foals (two vaccinated, one control) were killed eight to nine days after infection. One control died on day 9 with lesions of disseminated intravascular coagulation. The remaining two foals (one vaccinated, one control) were killed on day 17. C. equi was cultured in large numbers from affected lung and bronchial lymph nodes, and in smaller numbers from unaffected lung, spleen, and liver in all foals. In the 8- to 9-day-old lung lesions, the alveoli were filled with macrophages, neutrophils, and multinucleate giant cells and most contained numerous C. equi. The few foci of alveolar necrosis were associated with groups of bacteria-laden macrophages undergoing degeneration. In the lesions of 17-day duration, there was extensive parenchymal destruction with little fibrous tissue reaction. Lesions common to both groups included hyperplastic bronchiolitis, pulmonary edema, and perivascular lymphocytic cuffs and a pyogranulomatous lymphadenitis in bronchial nodes. One vaccinated foal had a microscopic pyogranulomatous colitis. The lesions in the experimentally infected foals are compared with those in naturally infected foals and discussed in terms of likely pathogenetic mechanisms involved in C. equi pneumonia in foals.

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