Establishment of conditions for the detection of ...



Title Establishment of conditions for the detection of bovine herpesvirus-1 by polymerase chain reaction using primers in the thymidine kinase region
Author(s) Carmencita V. Yason, L. M. Harris, P. K. McKenna, D. Wadowska, Frederick S. B. Kibenge
Journal Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire
Date 1995
Volume 59
Issue 2
Start page 94
End page 101
Abstract Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) was developed and optimized using 22 bp sense and 20 bp antisense primers in the thymidine kinase (TK) coding region. The amplification product is 183 bp long. The PCR optimization was done using BHV-1 tissue culture supernate (BHV-1TCS), concentrated BHV-1 tissue culture supernate (cBHV-1TCS) and sucrose gradient purified BHV-1 (pBHV-1). The sensitivity of four methods of sample preparation which are standard DNA extraction, modified proteinase K (PK) digestion, GeneReleaserTM + 34 cycles or + 44 cycles, and boiling were compared with virus isolation (VI) using BHV-1TCS. The incorporation of 10% glycerol in the reaction mixture, the incubation in PK for 18 hours and predenaturation of samples and cooling in ice prior to PCR were essential for the amplification of BHV-1 DNA for samples prepared by standard DNA extraction and modified PK digestion. The preparation of samples by Gene-ReleaserTM, a proprietary nucleic acid releasing cocktail, showed 10 to 1,000-fold increase in sensitivity compared to standard DNA extraction and modified PK digestion. No amplification was observed in samples prepared by boiling. The sample preparation of BHV-1 LA strain by GeneReleaserTM showed sensitivity equivalent to virus isolation. The BHV-1 TK PCR using GeneReleaserTM has a detection limit of 1 picogram and 10 fentograms of purified BHV-1 DNA using ethidium bromide stained gel and Southern blot hybridization, respectively. It could detect viral DNA in 1,000 infected cells in a total suspension of 10,000 cells using either ethidium bromide stained gel or Southern blot hybridization.

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