DNA linkage studies in the fragile X syndrome ...

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Title DNA linkage studies in the fragile X syndrome suggest genetic heterogeneity
Author(s) W. T. Brown, A. C. Gross, Catherine B. Chan, E. C. Jenkins
Journal American Journal of Medical Genetics
Date 1986
Volume 23
Issue 1-2
Start page 643
End page 664
Abstract Previously, we showed genetic heterogeneity for linkage between the fra(X) locus and a factor IX DNA RFLP (Brown et al, 1985). When fra(X) families were predivided into two classes, one containing those with non-penetrant (NP) males and one with apparent full penetrance (P), evidence of significant heterogeneity was present. We have now extended this analysis by adding DNA linkage information on 2 additional probes, 52A and ST14, studied in 16 fra(X) kindreds. These data were combined with information on 16 published fra(X) families. There were 7 NP families and 25 P families. We confirmed our previous findings of a higher recombination fraction between factor IX and fra(X) in P families (0 = .32 with lod of .67) compared to as NP families (0 = .06 with lod of 6.11) which was significant at p less than .01. In comparing recombination fractions for the additional probes, more recombination between 52A and the other loci was consistently seen in P compared to NP families which suggested that there may be a higher rate of recombination proximal to the fra(X) locus in P kindreds. A strikingly higher recombination fraction between 52A and factor IX was present in comparing all fra(X) families (.18) to normal families (.02) which was significant at p less than .001. These results suggest genetic heterogeneity with respect to recombination is present both among fra(X) pedigrees and between fra(X) and normal pedigrees.

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