Chemical imaging of microstructures of plant tissues ...

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Title Chemical imaging of microstructures of plant tissues within cellular dimension using synchrotron infrared microspectroscopy
Author(s) Yu PeiQiang, J. J. McKinnon, C. R. Christensen, D. A. Christensen, N. S. Marinkovic, Lisa M. Miller
Journal Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Date 2003
Volume 51
Issue 20
Start page 6062
End page 6067
Abstract Synchrotron radiation-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (SR-FTIR) is an advanced bioanalytical technique capable of exploring the chemistry within microstructures of plant and animal tissues with a high signal to noise ratio at high ultraspatial resolutions (3-10 micro m) without destruction of the intrinsic structures of a tissue. This technique is able to provide information relating to the quantity, composition, structure, and distribution of chemical constituents and functional groups in a tissue. The objective of this study was to illustrate how the SR-FTIR technique can be used to image inherent structures of plant tissues on a cellular level (pixel size, ~10 micro m x 10 micro m). The results showed that with the extremely bright synchrotron light, spectra with high signal to noise ratios were obtained from areas as small as 10 micro m x 10 micro m in the plant tissue, which allowed us to "see" plant tissue in a chemical sense on a cellular level. The ultraspatial resolved imaging of plant tissues by stepping in pixel-sized increments was obtained. Chemical distributions of plant tissues such as lignin, cellulose, protein, lipid, and total carbohydrate could be mapped. These images revealed the chemical information of plant intrinsic structure. In conclusion, SR-FTIR can provide chemical and functional characteristics of plant tissue at high ultraspatial resolutions. The SR-FTIR microspectroscopic images can generate spatially localized functional group and chemical information within cellular dimensions..

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