Mosaic analysis using a ncl-1 (+) extrachromosomal ...

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Title Mosaic analysis using a ncl-1 (+) extrachromosomal array reveals that lin-31 acts in the Pn.p cells during Caenorhabditis elegans vulval development
Author(s) Lisa M. Miller, D. A. Waring, S. K. Kim
Journal Genetics
Date 1996
Volume 143
Issue 3
Start page 1181
End page 1191
Abstract A genetic mosaic analysis procedure in which Caenorhabditis elegans mosaics are generated by spontaneous loss of an extrachromosomal array is described. This technique allows almost any C. elegans gene that can be used in germline transformation experiments to be used in mosaic analysis experiments. A cosmid clone that rescues the mutant phenotype of ncl-1, so that this cell-autonomous marker could be used to analyse mosaic animals was identified. To determine the sites of action for unc-29 and lin-31, an extrachromosomal array was constructed containing the ncl-1(+) cosmid linked to lin-31(+) and unc-29(+) cosmids. This array is mitotically unstable and can be lost to produce a clone of mutant cells. The specific cell division at which the extrachromosomal array had been lost was deduced by scoring the Ncl phenotypes of individual cells in genetic mosaics. The unc-29 and lin-31 phenotypes were then scored in these animals to determine in which cells these genes are required. This analysis showed that unc-29, which encodes a subunit of the acetylcholine receptor, acts in the body muscle cells. Furthermore, lin-31, which specifies cell fates during vulval induction and encodes a putative transcription factor similar to HNF-3/fork head, acts in the Pn.p cells..

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