Herpesvirus encephalitis in a camel (Camelus bactrianus)



Title Herpesvirus encephalitis in a camel (Camelus bactrianus)
Author(s) R. Bildfell, Carmencita V. Yason, D. Haines, M. McGowan
Journal Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Date 1996
Volume 27
Issue 3
Start page 409
End page 415
Abstract A herpesvirus antigenically related to equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) was cultured from the brain of a 2-year-old camel that exhibited clinical signs of severe neurological disease before death. Microscopic lesions in the brain included a non-suppurative meningoencephalitis with vasculitis and locally extensive necrosis and oedema. Intranuclear inclusion bodies typical of herpesvirus were observed in neurons and glial cells. Immunohistochemical staining detected EHV-1 antigen in neurons, lymphocytes, and endothelial cells in the brain. The pathological features in this case are similar to those in EHV-1-induced neurological disease in llamas and horses..

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