Prevalence of contagious pathogens of bovine ...



Title Prevalence of contagious pathogens of bovine mastitis and use of mastitis control practices
Author(s) W. M. Sischo, Lawrence E. Heider, G. Y. Miller, D. A. Moore
Journal Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Date 1993
Volume 202
Issue 4
Start page 595
End page 600
Abstract A cross-sectional study of 1,032 dairy herds in Ohio was conducted to determine the prevalence of the major contagious pathogens of mastitis (Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus) and the use of common mastitis control measures. Herd owners were surveyed by mail concerning their use of mastitis control measures. The survey focused on treatment of nonlactating cows, postmilking teat dipping, culling practices, milking machine maintenance, treatment for clinical mastitis, and premilking hygiene practices. Nearly 90% of questionnaires were returned. The prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus was determined by use of bulk-tank milk samples. Most herds (n = 802) met the criteria for classification into 1 of 4 groups: (1) Free of contagious pathogens, as determined by inability to isolate coagulase positive staphylococci (CPS) and esculin-negative CAMP positive streptococci (ENCPS) from 3 bulk-tank milk samples, (2) CPS, but not ENCPS, isolated from at least 1 sample, (3) ENCPS, but not CPS, isolated from at least 1 sample, (4) both ENCPS and CPS isolated from at least 1 sample. The number of herds in which both ENCPS and CPS were isolated was low; therefore, these herds were grouped with herds in which ENCPS alone was isolated for the evaluation of mastitis control practices related to herd pathogen status. Herd somatic cell count (SCC) was determined using Dairy Herd Improvement Association data by calculating the geometric mean SCC from individual cow test day SCC. Twelve months of SCC data from 741 herds were included in this study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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