Subchronic toxicity of 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl in ...



Title Subchronic toxicity of 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl in the rat liver: an ultrastructural and biochemical study
Author(s) A. Singh, I. Chu, D. C. Villeneuve
Journal Ultrastructural Pathology
Date 1996
Volume 20
Issue 3
Start page 275
End page 284
Abstract 2,4,4'-Trichlorobiphenyl or PCB congener 28 was given to Sprague-Dawley weanling rats and the experimental diets were prepared by mixing the congener in 4% corn oil. The congener was administered to animals placed in four groups, each comprising 10 males or females. The diets contained 0.05, 0.5, 5, or 50 ppm congener. The fifth or control group comprised animals that received diets mixed with corn oil. Thirteen weeks after commencement of dosing, animals were euthanized and liver specimens were harvested from the animals and prepared for electron microscopy and biochemical analyses. The hepatocyte architectural modifications included an augmentation of SER profiles and an elevation of peroxisome numbers in animals regardless of gender, and mitochondrial abnormalities in the females only. Mitochondrial aberrations consisted of abnormal shapes and cristae in atypical orientation. The alterations were revealed in animals of the 5- and 50-ppm groups and were more extensive in the females. Ethoxyresorufin-O-de-ethylase activity was significantly high in the animals of the 50-ppm group. The results suggest that the female rats were more sensitive than the males to congener 28, and the no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL) was believed to be 0.5 ppm for the congener.

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