Characterization of Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis strains



Title Characterization of Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis strains: PCR-RFLP of the internal transcribed spacer region from the amoeba and endosymbiont
Author(s) Charles G. B. Caraguel, Nathanaelle Donay, Salvatore,Jr. Frasca, Charles J. O'Kelly, Richard J. Cawthorn, Spencer J. Greenwood
Journal Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Date 2007
Volume 76
Issue 2
Start page 141
End page 149
Abstract Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis continues to be an ongoing problem for commercial finfish aquaculture and has also sporadically been associated with mass mortalities of commercially relevant marine invertebrates. Despite the ubiquity and importance of this amphizoic amoeba, our understanding of the biology as it applies to host range, pathogenicity, tissue tropism, and geographic distribution is severely lacking. This may stem from the inability of current diagnostic tests based on morphology, immunology, and molecular biology to differentiate strains at the subspecies level. In the present study, we developed a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region that can accurately differentiate amoeba strains of N. pemaquidensis. The investigation focused on the complications of the amoeba ITS microheterogeneity in the development of a subspecies marker and the use of the endosymbiont, Ichthyobodo necator related organism (IRO), ITS region as an alternative marker. The combination of host amoeba and endosymbiont ITS PCR-RFLP analyses was successfully used to correctly identify and characterize an N. pemaquidensis isolate from an outbreak of amoebic gill disease in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar from the west coast of North America (Washington State, USA).
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