Microheterogeneity and Coevolution
|Title||Microheterogeneity and Coevolution: An Examination of rDNA Sequence Characteristics in Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis and Its Prokinetoplastid Endosymbiont|
|Author(s)||C. Caraguel , C. O'Kelly , P. Legendre , S. Frasca , R. Gast, B. Despres , R. Cawthorn, S. Greenwood|
|Journal||The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology|
|Abstract||ABSTRACT. Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis, the etiological agent of amoebic gill disease, has shown surprising sequence variability among different copies of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene within an isolate. This intra-genomic microheterogeneity was confirmed and extended to an analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. High levels of intra-genomic nucleotide diversity (Pi=0.0201-0.0313) were found among sequenced ITS regions from individual host amoeba isolates. In contrast, the ITS region of its endosymbiont revealed significantly lower levels of intra-genomic nucleotide diversity (Pi=0.0028-0.0056) compared with the host N. pemaquidensis. Phylogenetic and ParaFit coevolution analyses involving N. pemaquidensis isolates and their respective endosymbionts confirmed a significant coevolutionary relationship between the two protists. The observation of non-shared microheterogeneity and coevolution emphasizes the complexity of the interactions between N. pemaquidensis and its obligate endosymbiont.|
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