Changes in relative light fluence measured during ...

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Title Changes in relative light fluence measured during laser heating: implications for optical monitoring and modelling of interstitial laser photocoagulation
Author(s) L. C. L. Chin, William M. Whelan, M. D. Sherar, I. A. Vitkin
Journal Physics in Medicine and Biology
Date 2001
Volume 46
Issue 9
Start page 2407
End page 2420
Abstract Dynamic changes in internal light fluence were measured during interstitial laser heating of tissue phantoms and ex vivo bovine liver. In albumen phantoms, the results demonstrate an unexpected rise in optical power transmitted approximate to1 cm. away from the source during laser exposure at low power (0.5-1 W), and a decrease at higher powers (1.5-2.5 W) due to coagulation and possibly charring. Similar trends were observed in liver tissue, with a rise in interstitial fluence observed during 0.5 W exposure and a drop in interstitial fluence seen at higher powers (1-1.5 W) due to tissue coagulation. At 1.5 W irradiation an additional, later decrease was also seen which was most likely due to tissue charring Independent spectrophotometric studies in Naphthol Green dye indicate the rise in fluence observed in the heated albumen phantoms may have been primarily due to light exposure causing photobleaching of the absorbing chromophore, and not due to heat effects. Experiments in liver tissue demonstrated that the observed rise in fluence is dependent on the starting temperature of the tissue. Correlating changes in light fluence with key clinical endpoints/events such as the onset of tissue coagulation or charring may be useful for on-line monitoring and control of laser thermal therapy via interstitial fluence sensors.

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