Comparative behavioural toxicity of domoic acid and ...



Title Comparative behavioural toxicity of domoic acid and kainic acid in neonatal rats
Author(s) Tracy A. Doucette, S. M. Strain, G. V. Allen, Catherine L. Ryan, R. Andrew R. Tasker
Journal Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Date 2000
Volume 22
Issue 6
Start page 863
End page 869
Abstract Cumulative behavioural toxicity was measured in groups of male and female rat pups (n=6/sex) at different stages of postnatal development. Dose-response curves (DRCs) for toxicity produced by domoic acid (DOM) were generated using animals on postnatal days (PND) 0, 5, 14, and 22, using a behavioural rating scale. In a subsequent experiment, DRCs for toxicity generated by either DOM or kainic acid were produced in rats at PND 8 and 14 for comparison between the two toxins. DOM was found to be a very potent neurotoxin in newborn rats and the potency of DOM progressively decreased with increasing age (interpolated ED(50)=0.12, 0.15, 0.30, and 1.06 mg/kg at PND 0, 5, 14, and 22, respectively). In addition, the patterns of behavioural expression were found to differ with age. Comparisons between DOM and kainic acid revealed that DOM was approximately six-fold more potent than kainate at both PND 8 and PND 14 and that both toxins were approximately two-fold less potent in PND 14 rats, compared to PND 8. This implies that the mechanism(s) responsible for reduced potency is/are similar between the two compounds. Consistent with previous reports, however, there were both similarities and differences in the observed patterns of behavioural toxicity produced by the two toxins at both ages.

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