Peptidergic modulation of synaptic transmission in ...

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Title Peptidergic modulation of synaptic transmission in the parabrachial nucleus in vitro: importance of degradative enzymes in regulating synaptic efficacy
Author(s) Tarek M. Saleh, S. B. Kombian, J. A. Zidichouski, Q. J. Pittman
Journal The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Date 1996
Volume 16
Issue 19
Start page 6046
End page 6055
Abstract This study examined the effects of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on synaptic transmission in a pontine slice containing the parabrachial nucleus (PBN). Stimulation of the ventral, external lateral portion of the PBN elicited glutamate-mediated EPSCs in cells recorded using the nystatin perforated-patch recording technique in the external lateral, external medial, and central lateral subnuclei of the PBN. Bath application of SP or CGRP dose-dependently and reversibly attenuated the evoked EPSC. The attenuation of the EPSC induced by both of these peptides was not accompanied by changes in input resistance of PBN cells over a wide voltage range, nor did these peptides alter the inward current induced by a brief bath application of AMPA. The combined application of subthreshold concentrations of these peptides revealed a synergistic interaction in reducing the evoked EPSC. The substance P neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist CGP49823 completely and reversibly blocked both the SP- and the CGRP-induced attenuation of the EPSC. However, the rat CGRP receptor antagonist human-CGRP8-37 did not block the actions of CGRP or SP on the EPSC. Using a metabolically stable analog of SP, SP (5-11), or an endopeptidase inhibitor, phosphoramidon, we were able to demonstrate that CGRP enhances the SP effect by inhibiting an SP endopeptidase. Application of phosphoramidon also revealed an endogenous SP "tone" apparently made effective by blockade of the endopeptidase. These results suggest that SP (and CGRP indirectly through an inhibition of the SP endopeptidase) acts on presynaptic NK-1 receptors to cause an inhibition of excitatory transmission in the PBN. These results indicate an important role of endopeptidases in regulating synaptic modulation by peptides.
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