Assessment of arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT1) ...



Title Assessment of arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT1) activity in mononuclear leukocytes of cystic fibrosis patients
Author(s) Alastair E. Cribb, B. Tsui, R. Isbrucker, R. T. Michael, C. T. Gillespie, J. Brown-Bonomo, P. Barrett, T. Levatte, K. W. Renton
Journal British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Date 1995
Volume 39
Issue 1
Start page 85
End page 89
Abstract The clearance of sulphamethoxazole (SMX), a compound metabolised primarily by the N-acetyltransferase NAT1, is increased in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. We assessed the activity and kinetic properties of NAT1 in lysates of peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) from CF (n = 17) and control (n = 22) subjects using SMX and p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) as test substrates. The Km and Vmax values of both substrates in MNL from CF patients and control subjects were not significantly different. The acetylation of PABA (100 microM) by intact MNL from CF patients (n = 4) was not different from the observed in intact MNL from controls (n = 9) (25 +/- 3 pmol h-1 per 10(6) MNL vs 27 +/- 4 pmol h-1 per 10(6) MNL). These results suggest that there are not systemic changes in this enzyme in CF. The increased metabolic clearance of SMX may therefore be related to factors other than alterations in the level of activity of the N-acetyltransferase NAT1.

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