The West Nile virus epidemic in North America: 1999-2002
|Title||The West Nile virus epidemic in North America: 1999-2002|
|Author(s)||F. Leighton, S. Abutarbush|
|Journal||Large Animal Veterinary Rounds|
|Abstract||West Nile virus (WNV) has spread across the North American continent, since itsintroduction in the summer of 1999. The virus first appeared in Canada in Ontario,Quebec, and Manitoba in 2001, Saskatchewan in 2002, and Alberta in 2003. At present,the virus is widespread in the southern portions of all the Prairie provinces, Ontario,Quebec, and Nova Scotia. WNV is an arthropod-borne virus, circulating primarilybetween birds and mosquitoes; however, it can affect mammals, including humans andhorses as dead-end hosts. A complex interdependence between mosquitoes, climate, andbird species drives the amplification of the virus. Prevention is aimed at mosquitoreduction and, in horses, improving immunity through vaccination. This issue of LargeAnimal Veterinary Rounds discusses the WNV epidemic in Canada with special referenceto the disease in the Prairie Provinces.|
Using APA 6th Edition citation style.
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