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A collection of graduate theses by UPEI masters and doctoral students.

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Although Island Studies has been recognized since the mid-1980s, what are often neglected, or merged into the general “island” concept are uninhabited islands (UIs). The world's growing population demands more space by claiming and exploiting uninhabited areas around the Earth, or even outer spa...
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This ethnographic study examines the relationships between colonialized education, cultural negotiation, and migration within the context of the colonial/postcolonial island of Dominica. Using postcolonial theory, the overarching aim was to gain understanding of how people of the former colonial isl...
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As the Earth’s climate continues to change, so too does the availability of freshwater resources. Small islands are at the forefront of freshwater vulnerability and therefore must be ready to adapt. In order to implement effective adaptation measures, accurate projections of future water use are r...
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Unlike previous generations, baby boomers are keeping their own natural teeth as they enter into older age. There is a growing body of research demonstrating the link between oral diseases and common chronic diseases. Therefore, it is imperative that older adults possess the necessary skills and kno...
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As the global population increases, so does global demand for energy, water and food expand. Meeting this continual spike of demand presents a tremendous challenge to Small Island States, given competing needs for limited resources amid heightened climate change. In order to overcome the increasing ...
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Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in men in Canada and the United States. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to development and progression of many cancers, including prostate cancer, with prostate cancer affecting many men worldwide. As such there have bee...
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Modelling is a useful tool that has been applied in both human and animal epidemiological research. A model is a simplified system that represents a much more complex phenomenon. Various types of models are available. They are generally used for the purposes of explaining phenomena, making predictio...
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In the early 1990s, the introduction of suspended culture methods and the development of a market for cocktail oysters (65–75 mm) propelled the oyster aquaculture industry in New Brunswick forward, now producing over 140,000,000 oysters (337,000 floating bags) on 2,649 hectares of private shellfis...
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There is a lack of nursing literature on the older adults’ perceptions of dignity, and in particular those older adults living with schizophrenia. When older adults experience a lack of dignity, their sense of value is weakened and they are more likely to feel like a burden to others which can lea...
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Nature has provided scientists with numerous bioactive molecules with great potential as therapeutic agents for a range of human and animal diseases. Exploring terrestrial and marine environments for macro- and microorganisms capable of producing these valuable secondary metabolites remains an impor...
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Optoacoustic (OA) imaging is a new technique for cancer detection and non-invasive monitoring of cancer therapeutics. This technique is the combination of both optical and ultrasound modalities, in which tissue is irradiated with nanosecond laser pulses. The delivered optical energy is absorbed and ...
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Species’ geographical and ecological ranges are limited by the interaction of genotypes with the biotic and abiotic environment, and the quality of the habitat relative to the species’ niche requirements. A fundamental question in ecology and evolution is how species will respond to changes in t...
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Emerging evidence suggests that low load exercise stimuli can lead to significant muscular adaptations when blood flow to a muscle is restricted or occluded. Electrical muscle stimulation has been used for years in the rehabilitative settings, but muscular hypertrophic or oxidative adaptation result...
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The purpose of this case study is to investigate the role islands play in their own colonization and settlement by human societies. It examines the early nineteenth century colonization by Southeastern Irish of two islands – Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island – and a section of the mainland, ...
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This study examines the relationship between humans and urban foxes living in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. In recent years colloquial evidence suggests that there has been an increase in foxes living in urban areas of Prince Edward Island, which may eventually lead to an increase in negative...
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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease of pigs, which affects all production stages and has severe economic consequences for the swine industry. The virus is primarily spread between farms through direct and indirect contacts. A limited number of studies have been ca...
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The focus of this research was to improve Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) control and management programs through increased understanding of the diagnostic detection ability of common pathogen and antibody assays over seasons and lactation stages, as well as through the novel use o...
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Concerns associated with head injuries have come to the forefront as head trauma events in the National Hockey League (NHL) and National Football League (NFL) bring to light the prevalence and effects of concussions. Accordingly, proper assessment and management of head injuries are growing areas of...
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In an era of knowledge abundance, scholars have the capacity to distribute and share ideas and artifacts via digital networks, yet networked scholarly engagement often remains unrecognized within institutional spheres of influence. The purpose of this dissertation study is to explore the meanings co...
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Concussion injuries have gained the attention of healthcare providers because of the effects that persistent reoccurring symptoms, associated with the injury, can have on normal functioning. As such, there is a recognized need to establish appropriate pre-injury measurements of individuals at risk ...
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Animals must expend energy to deal with a wide array of stressors associated with environmental change. Because mitochondria produce >90% of the energy requirement of the cell, they are likely the fundamental drivers of responses to environmental change. The primary goal of my thesis was to explore ...
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Sea lice is considered the most important ectoparasite that affects salt water farmed salmonids around the world. Its high economic impact has motivated efforts for its control. Caligus rogercresseyi is the sea lice species of major economic importance for the salmon industry in Chile. Sea lice cont...
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Aquatic invasive species (AIS) cause significant damage to their host ecosystems, altering habitats and native species dynamics. Initiatives to improve our understanding and management of leading stressors of ecosystems like AIS are being developed through collaborative research within the Canadian ...
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Amphibian populations suffer massive mortalities from infection with Frog Virus 3 (FV3, Ranavirus, Iridoviridae), a pathogen also responsible for mortalities of fish and reptiles. Wood frogs, Rana sylvatica, have been proposed as a research model to study diseases of native amphibians in North A...
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The overall goal of the research described in this thesis was to lay a proper foundation for designing and conducting efficient control and eradication programs for infection with bovine leukemia virus (BLV) in the Canadian dairy industry. The objective in Chapter 2 was to identify potentially impor...