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A collection of academic publications by faculty and staff, both before and during their time at UPEI.

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8276 - 8300 of 8332
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Review of PM records from Thoroughbred racehorses that sustained a fatal, exercise-related injury at a California race track during a 9-month period in 1991 revealed that 79 horses had a fatal musculoskeletal injury (FMI) while racing, with an incidence risk of 1.7/1000 race entrants. While training...
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The preferable testing and vaccination strategy for control of porcine parvovirus (PPV) during a 6-month period was investigated using decision-tree analysis and computer simulations of a 300-sow farrow-to-finish herd. The initial decision alternative was serological testing of 30 females to estimat...
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To determine risk factors associated with the introduction of porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV) to Denmark, a cross-sectional study of 408 swine herds was carried out between May 1985 and June 1986. The association between herd-PRCV serological status and possible risk factors, obtained from a ...
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Factors associated with foot abscess were evaluated in a cohort of 3322 suckling pigs reared on a woven-wire floor (wire diameter, 0.5 cm; size of openings, 1 × 3.8 cm). In bivariate analysis, foot abscess was significantly associated with postpartum sow illness, number of pigs born alive, and pari...
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24 Friesian heifers were fed winter diets consisting either of hay with or without selenium supplementation, or pasture and silage with or without selenium supplementation. Heifers fed hay diet (α-tocopherol concentration 19 mg/kg of dry matter) resulted in a pre-calving serum α-tocopherol concent...
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The effects of selenium and iodine supplementation on growth rate and on thyroid and somatotropic function were examined in heifer calves from 2 herds at pasture. Supplementation of calves with intraruminal Se pellets (designed to release Se about 3 mg/day) increased the basal plasma concentration o...
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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) was developed and optimized using 22 bp sense and 20 bp antisense primers in the thymidine kinase (TK) coding region. The amplification product is 183 bp long. The PCR optimization was done using BHV-1 tissue culture super...
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Procaine penicillin G (PPG) disappearance curves were generated for cows given a single i.m. dose of PPG 6600 U/kg or 26 400 U/kg, or multiple doses of 26 400 U/kg using meta-analysis of the Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank. These curves were entered into 1000 computer simulated cow models to ...
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Sampling methods for preputial secretions and culture methods for T. foetus were compared in a 2-by-2 factorial experiment. 14 bulls were confirmed as infected by repeated weekly sampling and culture on Diamond's medium over the course of 10 months. In a 6-week test of alternative methods of diagnos...
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Racing and officially timed workout histories were obtained for each of 64 Thoroughbreds euthanized during a 9-month period in 1991 at a California racetrack because of a catastrophic fracture incurred while racing. For each race in which a fatal skeletal injury (FSI) occurred, 1 control horse was r...
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For two large California dairy herds with twice daily milking, 171 infected quarters of lactating cows with mild clinical mastitis were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Group A (50 cows) was treated with 62.5 mg of intramammary amoxicillin every 12 h for three milkings. Group C (5...
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Thoroughbred racehorses which suffered a fatal musculoskeletal injury (FMI) while racing or race training at a California racetrack during 9 months of 1991 were studied. 77 horses which sustained an FMI while racing and 45 horses which sustained an FMI while race training were matched by race or tim...
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Rabies has been endemic in Lithuania for centuries. Annual rabies reports and data on cattle numbers were collected, and descriptive epidemiology and time series data analyses were performed to detect seasonal trends. A total of 1475 specimens were submitted for rabies testing. Of these, 1248 (84.6%...
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A retrospective longitudinal study was carried out of 25 male and 53 female Thoroughbreds that incurred catastrophic musculoskeletal injury (CMI) during racing which resulted in them being killed, and all California race entrants in 1992. PM examination records were reviewed, and race start informat...
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Transposition of diagnostic tests used in domestic livestock species to free-ranging and captive wildlife species has two problems. First, most existing tests have not been adequately validated in domestic livestock. Second, assumptions that a serological test will perform identically in wildlife an...
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An overview is presented including: regulations and regulatory authorities relevant to antibiotic residue detection assays; interpreting results for accepted assays; costs of false-negative and false-positive assay results; is it fair to compromise specificity at the expense of sensitivity; assessme...