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Abstract There is increasing evidence that select forms of exercise are associated with vascular changes that are in opposition to the well-accepted beneficial effects of moderate intensity aerobic exercise. Objective To determine if alterations in arterial stiffness occur following eccentrically...
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Altered autonomic function has been identified following ultra-endurance event participation among elite world-class athletes. Despite dramatic increases in recreational athlete participation in these ultra-endurance events, the physiological effects on these athletes are less known. This investigat...
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This study examined how acculturative stress is influenced by social capital, age, income, education and gender in a sample of 326 Iraqi-Christians from southern Ontario, Canada. Both overall acculturative stress and its individual constructs were tested in a series of logistic regression models. Fi...
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It is clear that while transition from being a driver to being a non-driver is an important, and often negative, event in the life of older adults, there is little support available to help older adults through this transition. This study focuses on increasing our understanding of issues about drivi...
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Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour is independently associated with cardiometabolic disease risk in school-aged children and youth. This thesis includes 4 related studies in the pursuit of 2 objectives: (i) To determine the cross-sectional association of sedentary time, interruption...
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The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature and compare the effectiveness of controlled interventions with a focus on physical activity (PA) and/or sedentary behaviours (SBs) for reducing sedentary time in adults. Six electronic databases were searched to identify all stu...
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Sport PEI Active Start program and measure the combined and separate value of training and resourcing early childhood educators. Methods: Early childhood education centres (n=8) were assigned within four different interventions o...
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CONTEXT: An estimated 300 000 sport-related concussion injuries occur in the United States annually. Approximately 30% of individuals with concussions experience balance disturbances. Common methods of balance assessment include the Clinical Test of Sensory Organization and Balance (CTSIB), the Se...
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Balance is a key component to the assessment of concussion injury; however, the efficacies of clinical tests used are currently under debate. It is questionable whether currently accepted methods of standing balance assessment quantify balance disturbances sufficiently to support decisions on recove...
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The useful field of view (UFOV) is the visual area from which information is obtained at a brief glance. While studies have examined the effects of increased cognitive load on the visual field, no one has specifically looked at the effects of postural control or locomotor activity on the UFOV. The c...
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Turning, while walking, is an important component of adaptive locomotion. Current hypotheses regarding the motor control of body segment coordination during turning suggest heavy influence of visual information. The authors aimed to examine whether visual field impairment (central loss or peripheral...
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Increased food intake (FI) during television viewing has been reported in children, but it is unknown if this occurs following pre-meal video game playing (VGP). The objective was to determine the effect of pre-meal VGP for 30 min on subjective appetite and emotions, and FI in normal weight (NW) b...
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Introduction Standing and treadmill desks are intended to reduce the amount of time spent sitting in today's otherwise sedentary office. Proponents of these desks suggest that health benefits may be acquired as standing desk use discourages long periods of sitting, which has been identified as an i...
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Older adults in Canada are largely sedentary and do not meet the recommended amount of daily physical activity. It has been suggested that older adults preferences for physical activities move from those characterized by high intensity and competition, to those of lower intensity and higher social c...
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Traditionally data processing in applied biomechanics has relied on descriptive approaches. Although these are effective exploratory techniques, they may not provide an understanding of the interaction between the variables that describe the event across repeated sampling. Factor analysis is a stati...
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Recent reports that habitual marathon runners demonstrate higher levels of stiffness and cardiovascular risk factors have been of great interest to the medical and scientific community. Ultra-marathon running, that is any distance >42.2 km, is increasing in popularity; however, little is known regar...
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Purpose: We explored dietetic students' beliefs about what becoming a dietitian means. Methods: A phenomenological approach to inquiry was used. Thirteen undergraduate students enrolled in a dietetics program were interviewed, and data were analyzed thematically. Results: The overarching theme was s...
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Human milk TAG contain 20–25% 16:0, with over 70% of the 16:0 at the TAG sn-2 position. The benefits of TAG sn-2 16:0 have been ascribed to reducing 16:0 excretion as insoluble fatty acid soaps. This study builds on knowledge that infants conserve milk TG sn-2 16:0 post-absorption. Comparison of p...
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