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This article reviews potential causes of insulin resistance in dogs and cats. These include hyperadrenocorticism, dioestrus or pregnancy, acromegaly, obesity and excess glucagon secretion. Clinical recognition and diagnosis are discussed..
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of various individual criteria and grouped criteria to diagnose sepsis in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective acquisition of clinical data. ANIMALS OR SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned dogs; 30 septic and 320 nonseptic. METHODS: Rectal temperature, heart rate, respirator...
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The kinetic disposition and hemodynamic effects ot tetrandrine, l3 mg/kg i.v., over 30 s were studied in five anesthetized dogs during continuous monitoring of the ECG and systemic arterial pressure. Repeated determinations of cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were ma...
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The purpose of this study was to identify the angiosome of the medial saphenous artery and vein and to evaluate the use of this cutaneous angiosome as a free skin flap in the dog. In phase 1 of this study, selective angiography of the medial saphenous artery performed in six canine cadavers showed t...
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When three sets of 11, 15 and 31 varieties, respectively, were tested for grain yield in 5-23 environments, generally more than 80% of the yield variation for individual varieties was due to linear regression response. Mean yields for varieties were significantly variable in all three sets and regre...
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A 10-year-old, spayed female, Irish water spaniel was presented with a 2-week history of anisocoria characterized by mydriasis of the right eye compared to the left eye in ambient light. Ophthalmic and neurological examinations, combined with pharmacological testing, identified a disease process aff...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between bispectral index (BIS) and minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) multiples of sevoflurane in cats. ANIMALS: 8 domestic cats. PROCEDURE: Each cat was anesthetized twice with sevoflurane. First, the MAC of sevoflurane for each cat was determined by use o...
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A 3-year-old male nanday conure (Nandayus nenday) was presented with acute lethargy, polyuria, and polydipsia. Marked persistent hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and ketonuria were also noted. The serum insulin concentration (<3 μU/ml) was lower than reference ranges described for other psittacine bir...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the osteogenic effect of differing volumes of autogenous cancellous bone graft (ACBG) placed into partial cortical defects of the ulna. ANIMALS: 15 healthy, mature Beagles. PROCEDURE: Weekly radiographic views of defects were obtained over 8 weeks and were analyzed for bone de...
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Skin defects on the distal extremity (n = 7) or face (n = 1) of eight dogs were repaired using a medial saphenous fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flap. The cause of the wounds were ablative oncological surgery (n = 4), trauma (n = 3), or radiation burn (n = 1). The flap was removed from the medial f...
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Historically, ventricular demand, nonphysiologic (VVI) pacing has been the most commonly used modality to treat 3rd-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of using a commercial, single-lead, physiologic (VDD) pacemaker in dogs with 3rd-degree AV b...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of preoperative administration of ketoprofen on whole blood platelet aggregation, buccal mucosal bleeding time, and hematologic indices in dogs after elective ovariohysterectomy. DESIGN: Randomized, masked clinical trial. ANIMALS: 22 healthy dogs. PROCEDURE: 60 minute...
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The medical records of 65 dogs that underwent complete or partial ligation of a single congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) were reviewed to determine the long-term clinical clinical results. Information retrieved from the records included age at surgery, preligation (baseline) portal pressure, pos...
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Tumours of gastrin-secreting cells (gastinomas) which result in a characteristic clinical syndrome of hypergastinaemia, leading to gastric acid hypersecretion with subsequent severe gastrointestinal ulceration are reviewed. The most common clinical signs are anorexia, lethargy, weight loss, vomiting...
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Dietary therapy affects diabetes management in the dog and cat directly through control of blood glucose and indirectly through control of obesity and lipid abnormalities. Caloric intake, the feeding schedule, food form, macronutrient composition of the diet, and the presence of any concurrent probl...
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