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The characteristics of 227 biting dogs, their homes, and their victims were gathered in a detailed telephone survey of general veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. All of the dogs had bitten either someone living in the same househol...
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Cell wall lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was identified as the receptor for the A. salmonicida bacteriophage strain 55R-1. Mutants of A. salmonicida resistant to phage 55R-1 were unable to adsorb phage 55R-1 and were shown to be defective in LPS structure. Purified A. salmonicida LPS inactivated phage 55R...
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Closure with a simple continuous pattern using absorbable suture was evaluated in 18 cats that underwent perineal urethrostomy from 2000 to 2002. The perineal urethrostomy was performed in a similar manner in all the cats, and either 4-0 or 5-0 polydioxanone was used for closure. Cats were evaluated...
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This paper covers uncomplicated versus complicated infection, bacterial susceptibility and antibiotic selection, managing lower urinary tract infection and new approaches to chronic tract infection..
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Urethral prolapse is an uncommon condition affecting young male dogs, most commonly English bulldogs. Current described techniques for surgical treatment of urethral prolapse involve manual reduction of prolapsed mucosa and placement of a temporary purse-string suture at the penile tip, or resection...
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Six dogs were randomly assigned to each of 6 reversal treatment groups. At least 7 days were allowed to elapse between experiments in the same dog. In each experiment, oxymorphone (0.22 mg/kg of body weight, i.v.) and diazepam (0.22 mg/kg, i.v.) were given sequentially 15 min after glycopyrrolate (0...
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Sudden onset of muscular weakness and ventroflexion of the neck were identified in 4 hyperthyroid cats. In each cat, the onset of clinical signs was associated with an acute decrease in serum potassium concentration. The cause for hypokalemia was undetermined, but could have resulted from deficits i...
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Intravenous administration of an ionic radiographic contrast medium was believed to have caused acute oliguric renal failure in a young dog. Intravenous pyelography was done on a healthy 14-month-old female Lhasa Apso prior to reconstructive surgery for pseudohermaphroditism. Within 24 hours of the ...
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To test the acidifying ability of the distal portion of the nephrons in healthy dogs, 0.2 g of NH4Cl/kg of body weight was given PO. Samples for venous blood gas analysis and urine pH were taken hourly for 6 hours. Systemic acidemia developed, as evidenced by a statistically significant (P less than...
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Adjuvant analgesics are drugs that have weak or nonexistent analgesic action when administered alone but can enhance analgesic actions when coadministered with known analgesic agents. Such agents are often administered in cases of refractory pain. For some chronic pain syndromes, however, they may c...
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Adjunctive analgesic therapies are interventions for pain that involve agents or techniques other than the traditional analgesics (opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and local anesthetics). Adjunctive therapies may be pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic in nature. The focus of this article...
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Allogeneic tooth transplantation was evaluated as a functional and aesthetic treatment for dental fracture in the dog. Of 7 dogs that received tooth transplants, 5 were research animals and 2 were clinical patients. Canine teeth were transplanted immediately after extraction in the research dogs. En...
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In a series of trials at least 3 days apart, dogs (12.5 to 21.5 kg) were assigned at random to each of 6 groups: halothane-saline (HS), halothane-xylazine (HX), halothane-medetomidine (HM) and the corresponding groups with glycopyrrolate (HGS, HGX, HGM). Dogs were anaesthetized with halothane (1.31%...
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In a series of trials at least 3 days apart, 8 dogs (body weight, 12.5 to 21.5 kg) were assigned at random to each of 3 treatment groups not given glycopyrrolate (isoflurane-saline, IS; isoflurane-xylazine, IX; isoflurane-medetomidine, IM) that were not given glycopyrrolate and to each of 3 groups t...
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An acute hemolytic transfusion reaction resulting from dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1.1 incompatibility developed in a dog previously sensitized to DEA 1.1 by a transfusion 3 years earlier. The dog developed fever, pigmenturia, and lethargy, and its pcv did not rise as expected. The donor blood was...
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ST-246 is a low-molecular-weight compound (molecular weight=376), that is potent (concentration that inhibited virus replication by 50%=0.010 micro M), selective (concentration of compound that inhibited cell viability by 50%=>40 micro M), and active against multiple orthopoxviruses, including vacci...
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