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One of the main approaches for creating metadata for learn- ing resources in adaptive e-learning systems has been through the use of semantic web ontologies. This approach is limiting because it doesn’t usu- ally address a requirement for the support of annotators or the require- ment for signific...
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The creation of learning resource metadata by instructors is a time consuming and error prone process. This paper outlines a broad research agenda to mitigate these issues.. The first part of this approach is to collect prescriptive metadata from various actors involved using ...
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Many web - based information - seeking tasks are set in a social context where other people’s knowledge and advi ce improves success in finding information. However, when tightly - knit contacts (friends, family, colleagues) are not available, information seeking becomes more difficult. Inspired b...
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When searching for information, people often seek help from others. However, while people can benefit from communicating with others, they can usually satisfy their information needs, to some degree, without help. Because establishing explicit collaborations...
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Guidelines for designing information charts (such as bar charts) often state that the presentation should reduce or remove 'chart junk' - visual embellishments that are not essential to understanding the data. In contrast, some popular chart designers wrap the presented data in detaile...
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Collaborative tagging is a simple and effective method for organizing and sharing web resources using human created metadata. It has arisen out of the need for an efficient method of personal organization, as the number of digital resources in everyday lives increases. While tagging has become a...
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This paper presents the Open Annotation and Tagging System (OATS) which draws on previous work in social navigation support, web annotations systems, collaborative tagging and educational metadata. The OATS system augments the text highlighting metaphor by providing a “collaborative tagging” and...
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Today's technology-enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education system...
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Users of social bookmarking systems take advantage of pivot browsing, an interaction technique allowing them to easily refine lists of bookmarks through the selection of filter terms. However, social bookmarking systems use one-size-fits-all ranking metrics to order refined lists. These generic ...
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One of the main obstacles for wider adoption of semantic rich e-learning systems is the difficulty in creating and maintaining domain ontologies describing courses. Annotations, such as those resulting from collaborative tagging, provide a new source of information which can be used to ease the ...
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Interactive systems often require calibration to ensure that input and output are optimally configured. Without calibration, user performance can degrade (e.g., if an input device is not adjusted for the user's abilities), errors can increase (e.g., if color spaces are not matched), and som...
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he social semantic Web has recently emerged as a paradigm in which ontologies (aimed at defining, structuring and sharing information) and collaborative software (used for creating and sharing knowledge) have been merged together. Ontologies provide an effective means of capturing and integratin...
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This paper outlines our experiences with applying collaborative tagging in e-learning systems to supplement more traditional metadata gathering approaches. Over the last 10 years, the learning object paradigm has emerged in e-learning and has caused standards bodies to focus on creating metadata...
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This paper presents a systems approach to facilitate effective learning object acquisition through the use of communications, modeling, and the agent metaphor. By changing the emphasis that is usually placed on metadata creation and interpretation (which can be problematic) we instead focus on t...
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Usage data logged from user interactions can be extremely valuable for evaluating software usability. However, instrumenting software to collect usage data is a time-intensive task that often requires technical expertise as well as an understanding of the usability issues to be explored. We have...
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This paper describes work we have done over the past five years in developing e-
learning applications and tools using Semantic Web and Web 2.0 technologies. It does not
provide a comprehensive description of these tools; instead, we focus on the pitfalls we have
encountered and attemp...
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Tag clouds are a popular method for visualizing and linking socially-organized information on websites. Tag clouds represent variables of interest (such as popularity) in the visual appearance of the keywords themselves - using text properties such as font size, weight, or colour. Although tag c...
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Today’s technology enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially-oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education systems in ge...
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Pointing at displays from a distance is becoming a common scenario for controlling computers and entertainment systems. Several devices use direct-pointing methods, where the user points a hand-held device at targets on a screen, but these often suffer from accuracy probl...
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Information seeking on the Web has become a central part of many daily activities. Even though information seeking is extremely common, there are many times when these tasks are unsuccessful, because the information found is less than ideal or the task could have been completed more efficiently. In...
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Crisis command centres often gather data from disparate locations and collect it for visualization on a large, shared screen. However, the resulting visualization often lacks expressiveness: it fails to express nuanced mediating characteristics about the information, such as speci...
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Steering and driving tasks – where the user controls a vehicle or other object along a path – are common in many simulations and games. Racing video games have provided users with different views of the visual environment – e.g., overhead, first-person, and third-person views. Although researc...
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Inspired by theories of how professionals enter into a reflective conversation with their work materials, the research area of interaction history seeks to make use of the accumulated actions of many people in working with digital objects. Despite compelling system designs and empirical results in l...
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Aim-assistance techniques have been shown to work for player balancing in 2D environments, but little information exists about how well these techniques will work in a 3D FPS game. We carried out three studies of the performance of five different aim assists in an Unreal-based game world. The assist...
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This paper presents a novel method to study the evolution of Linux kernel components using complex networks to understand how Linux kernel components evolve over time. After analyzing the node degree distribution, clustering coefficient, and average path length of the call graphs corresponding to th...