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One of the main approaches for creating metadata for learn- ing resources in adaptive e-learning systems has been through the use of semantic web ontologies. This approach is limiting because it doesn’t usu- ally address a requirement for the support of annotators or the require- ment for signific...
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The creation of learning resource metadata by instructors is a time consuming and error prone process. This paper outlines a broad research agenda to mitigate these issues.. The first part of this approach is to collect prescriptive metadata from various actors involved using ...
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The nuclear reaction O-18 (d, 2n) F-18 and the separation of F-18 from the irradiated samples have been studied. For this reaction liquid H2O samples were irradiated with deuterons beam in the stainless steel cells cooled with water. The formed positron emiting F-18 was separated from (H2O)-O-18 by ...
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Many web - based information - seeking tasks are set in a social context where other people’s knowledge and advi ce improves success in finding information. However, when tightly - knit contacts (friends, family, colleagues) are not available, information seeking becomes more difficult. Inspired b...
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When searching for information, people often seek help from others. However, while people can benefit from communicating with others, they can usually satisfy their information needs, to some degree, without help. Because establishing explicit collaborations...
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Guidelines for designing information charts (such as bar charts) often state that the presentation should reduce or remove 'chart junk' - visual embellishments that are not essential to understanding the data. In contrast, some popular chart designers wrap the presented data in detaile...
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In this paper we consider the transformation from (minimal) non-deterministic finite automata (NFAs) to deterministic finite cover automata (DFCAs). We want to compare the two equivalent accepting devices with respect to their number of states; this becomes in fact a comparison between the expressio...
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Collaborative tagging is a simple and effective method for organizing and sharing web resources using human created metadata. It has arisen out of the need for an efficient method of personal organization, as the number of digital resources in everyday lives increases. While tagging has become a...
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This paper presents the Open Annotation and Tagging System (OATS) which draws on previous work in social navigation support, web annotations systems, collaborative tagging and educational metadata. The OATS system augments the text highlighting metaphor by providing a “collaborative tagging” and...
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Today's technology-enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education system...
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Petri net modeling enables us to verify the protocol of interest formally. However, aside from formal verification, a new protocol really needs to be tested in a relatively realistic environment in which it interworks (or at least co-exists) with earlier or different versions of the same or similar ...
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Users of social bookmarking systems take advantage of pivot browsing, an interaction technique allowing them to easily refine lists of bookmarks through the selection of filter terms. However, social bookmarking systems use one-size-fits-all ranking metrics to order refined lists. These generic ...
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One of the main obstacles for wider adoption of semantic rich e-learning systems is the difficulty in creating and maintaining domain ontologies describing courses. Annotations, such as those resulting from collaborative tagging, provide a new source of information which can be used to ease the ...
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Interactive systems often require calibration to ensure that input and output are optimally configured. Without calibration, user performance can degrade (e.g., if an input device is not adjusted for the user's abilities), errors can increase (e.g., if color spaces are not matched), and som...
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he social semantic Web has recently emerged as a paradigm in which ontologies (aimed at defining, structuring and sharing information) and collaborative software (used for creating and sharing knowledge) have been merged together. Ontologies provide an effective means of capturing and integratin...
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In games where skills such as targeting are critical to winning, it is difficult for players with different skill levels to have a competitive and engaging experience. Although several mechanisms for accommodating different skill levels have been proposed, traditional approaches can be too obvio...
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This paper outlines our experiences with applying collaborative tagging in e-learning systems to supplement more traditional metadata gathering approaches. Over the last 10 years, the learning object paradigm has emerged in e-learning and has caused standards bodies to focus on creating metadata...